Taxonomy conform IOC World Bird List


  • Breeding range => Palearctic : widespread
  • Nonbreeding range => Africa


  • C. c. communis - Europe to n Turkey and n Africa | to w and c Africa
  • C. c. volgensis - se European Russia, w Siberia and n Kazakhstan | to e and s Africa
  • C. c. icterops - c Turkey to Turkmenistan and Iran | to e and s Africa
  • C. c. rubicola - mountains of c Asia | to e and s Africa
Data Number
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Updated at: 2024-02-23 04:35:03
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