Taxonomy conform IOC World Bird List


  • Breeding range => Palearctic : temperate to subtropical w, c Palearctic in woods, scrub and gardens: British Is., s Scandinavia e through n Xinjiang (nw China) and w Mongolia to Baikal region (sc Russia); in s to Iberian Peninsula, Madeira and Canary Is. (Macaronesia, w of n Africa), Morocco to n Egypt (n Africa), Mediterranean, Turkey, Israel, sc Iran. Afghanistan through nw Himalayas to e Nepal
  • Nonbreeding range => short-distance and altitudinal movements


  • C. c. britannica - British Isles, nw France and w Netherlands
  • C. c. carduelis - s Scandinavia to c France and Italy and e to c European Russia
  • C. c. parva - sw Europe, nw Africa, Madeira, Canary Is. (Macaronesia) and Balearic Is. (w Mediterranean)
  • C. c. tschusii - Corsica, Sardinia and Sicily
  • C. c. balcanica - Balkans, Greece, Crete and nw Turkey
  • C. c. niediecki - Middle East
  • C. c. brevirostris - e Turkey, s Caucasus and n Iran
  • C. c. colchica - n Caucasus and Crimean Peninsula (s Ukraine)
  • C. c. volgensis - s Ukraine, s European Russia and nw Kazakhstan
  • C. c. frigoris - sw, sc Siberia
  • C. c. paropanisi - w Turkmenistan and e Iran to nw China
  • C. c. subulata - ne Kazakhstan, sc Siberia and w Mongolia
  • C. c. caniceps - w Pakistan to nw Himalayas, sw Tibet and c Nepal
  • C. c. ultima - s Iran
Data Number
Loading statistics...
Updated at: 2024-02-27 22:55:26
User Observations
Loading statistics...

External links




This website uses cookies to ensure you get the best experience.