Taxonomy conform IOC World Bird List


  • Breeding range => Palearctic : widespread
  • Nonbreeding range => Oriental Region, ne Africa


  • A. n. nisus - Europe to sw Siberia and c Asia | to ne Africa and sw Asia
  • A. n. nisosimilis - nw Siberia to n China and Japan | sw, c, e Asia
  • A. n. dementjevi - Pamir-Alai to Tien Shan Mts. (c Asia)
  • A. n. melaschistos - e Afghanistan to sw China
  • A. n. wolterstorffi - Corsica and Sardinia
  • A. n. punicus - nw Africa
  • A. n. granti - Madeira (w Madeira group) and w, c Canary Is. (c Macaronesia, nw of n Africa)
Data Number
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Updated at: 2024-02-21 16:37:22
User Observations
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External links



adult breeding


first calendar year

second calendar year

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