Taxonomy conform IOC World Bird List


  • Breeding range => Palearctic : widespread
  • Nonbreeding range => s Asia and n Africa


  • P. c. abietinus - Scandinavia and nw Russia to the Black Sea, e Turkey and Syria | to w, e Africa
  • P. c. collybita - w, c, se Europe | s Europe and n, w Africa
  • P. c. brevirostris - nw, n Turkey
  • P. c. caucasicus - Caucasus to n Iran
  • P. c. menzbieri - ne Iran and Turkmenistan
  • P. c. tristis - e Russia and n Kazakhstan to s Siberia and n Mongolia | to s Asia
Data Number
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Updated at: 2024-02-25 17:56:23
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