Taxonomy conform IOC World Bird List


  • Breeding range => Palearctic, North America : n, c Europe, Asia and Aleutian Is.
  • Nonbreeding range => c, s Europe, n Africa and c, s, e Asia
Includes nimia; variation clinal so treat as monotypic (Sangster et al. 2001; Carboneras et al. 2017).
Data Number
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Updated at: 2024-02-28 02:58:33
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