Taxonomy conform IOC World Bird List


  • Breeding range => Palearctic : c, w, sw
  • Nonbreeding range => n, e, w Africa


  • S. a. gularis - Azores and Cape Verde is. (nw, s Macaronesia, nw of n Africa)
  • S. a. heineken - w, s Iberian Peninsula, Madeira and Canary Is. (nc to c Macaronesia, nw of n Africa) and nw Africa
  • S. a. pauluccii - e Spain to c, s Italy and nc Africa
  • S. a. atricapilla - w Europe to sw Siberia and n Kazakhstan | to w and e Africa
  • S. a. dammholzi - e Turkey to n Iran | to e Africa
Data Number
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Updated at: 2024-02-28 14:24:37
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