Taxonomy conform IOC World Bird List


  • Breeding range => Palearctic, Oriental Region : w Palearctic to c China
  • Nonbreeding range => n Africa, s Asia


  • P. o. gibraltariensis - Europe, w Turkey and nw Africa
  • P. o. ochruros - c Turkey to the Caucasus and nw Iran
  • P. o. semirufus - w Syria, Lebanon and ne Israel
  • P. o. phoenicuroides - ne Iran and Turkmenistan to nw Pakistan n to se Kazakhstan, nw China, and sc, e Mongolia
  • P. o. murinus - ne Kazakstan, sc Siberia, extreme nc China and w, sw, wc Mongolia
  • P. o. rufiventris - Central Himalayas to c China
Data Number
Loading statistics...
Updated at: 2024-02-23 23:20:52
User Observations
Loading statistics...

External links




adult breeding


second calendar year

This website uses cookies to ensure you get the best experience.